Map of the Berlin Wall

The blue line on the map here shows the route of the wall which completely surrounded West Berlin between August 13th 1961 and mid-late 1990 - though it officially 'fell' on November 9th 1989, most of the wall remained in place until the East German authorities began dismantling it on June 13th 1990. West Berlin was like a western island in East German territory, but was not technically part of West Germany, as it remained under the control of American, British and French forces.

The map shows the side of border that faced West Berlin. Over the course of its existence, the border defences became more sophisticated and the exclusion zone on the East German side got larger; the eastern extent of these exclusion zones isn't currently marked, though it's sometimes possible to spot it on the satellite photos if you're zoomed in close enough.

Underneath, there are some links to articles on different wall-related places in Berlin. You might also like the East Berlin and Cold War sections and, if you're a massive Berlin enthusiast, I run some East and West Berlin private tours. Happy exploring!